Hormone Therapy

Hormone Therapy

In the human body, hormones are proteins or substances that aid in regulating the function of specific kinds of cells. Several hormones affect some body parts, such as estrogen, testosterone, and progesterone. Different organs or glands make different types of hormones.

Several types of cancer require hormones for growth. Because of this, hormone-blocking and hormone-altering treatments may sometimes slow or prevent the development of these cancers. The practice of treating cancer with hormones is called hormonal or endocrine therapy.

A systemic treatment, hormone therapy target hormones in the body as they circulate throughout the body. During hormone therapy, the drugs target and locate the hormones throughout the body. Unlike treatments like most surgery and radiation therapy that affect only one area of the body, this is unique. Since they affect a single part of the body, these types of treatments are called local treatments.

Cancer that uses hormones to grow can be slowed or stopped with hormone therapy. The hormones in the body are targeted and located using hormone therapy. Hormone therapy is advantageous because it can be completed in a single visit, and it doesn’t require long-term treatment with medicines. Hormone therapy works in different ways depending on the type. It will work in either way in your body:

  • Stop the body from generating the hormone
  • Block the hormone so that it doesn’t attach to the cancer cells
  • Change the hormone, so it doesn’t work the way it is supposed to

Some hormone therapy is used with other cancer treatments; these are effective in:

  • Neoadjuvant Therapy: Reducing a tumor’s size before surgery or radiation.
  • Adjuvant Therapy: Reduces the possibility of cancer returning after primary chemotherapy.
  • Ensure that cancer cells that have returned or spread elsewhere are destroyed.
  • Oral drugs: The majority of hormone therapies are administered orally. Just like other medications, these pills, capsules, or liquids are swallowed. These are usually taken at home.
  • Injectable drugs: Hormone therapy can be given as injections in the arm, leg, or hip. This procedure is known as intramuscular injections (IM). Another type is given just under the belly skin (belly). Drugs and types of cancer being treated determine how often they are given.
  • Hormone-producing organs are removed by surgery: It is also possible for some types of surgery to be hormone therapies. For example, an orchiectomy (surgery in which testicles, the body’s primary source of testosterone, is removed) can be helpful for some men who need hormone therapy for prostate cancer. Likewise, an oophorectomy (surgery in which ovaries, the body’s primary source of estrogen and retinol, are removed) may be considered by some women with breast cancer.
Infusions are used for some targeted therapies. A soft plastic tube, very tiny called a catheter, is inserted directly into your bloodstream during intravenous chemotherapy. It is done in the hospital under the guidance of Doctors.
Targeted therapy drugs can be swallowed by mouth just like other medicines. The majority of targeted oral therapies are taken at home after being prescribed by the Doctors. Targeted therapies can treat many kinds of cancer, and there are many types of targeted therapies.
The growth of blood vessels that nourish cancer cells are blocked.

These molecule-deliver molecules deliver drugs directly into or onto cancer cells to damage them.

These disrupt normal cell functions, so the cancer cells die.

These disrupt cell signals so that they change the actions of the cancer cell.